Mali’s military junta has announced that it will quit the West African G5 Sahel anti-jihadist force after it was blocked from assuming the presidency of the regional group.
Sunday’s declaration that Mali will leave the G5 Sahel security force deepens its isolation after regional neighbours imposed sanctions on Bamako in January. This after the junta failed to commit to a timeline for a return to civilian rule.
Mali’s diplomatic relations with western allies, including former colonial power France, have also deteriorated, especially over its recent rapprochement with Russia.
Earlier this month, UN chief Antonio Guterres said political instability and human rights violations in Mali and Burkina Faso were undermining the Sahel’s anti-jihadist operations, and called for returning power to civilians as soon as possible.
Meanwhile- Mali’s military junta announce withdrawal from the regional G5 Sahel force (launched in 2017 by Burkina Faso, Chad, Mali, Mauritania, and Niger) pic.twitter.com/pDJ3JcqEby
— Samira Sawlani (@samirasawlani) May 15, 2022
Mali’s junta, however, claims it is a victim of politicking.
In a statement, the military announced: “The government of Mali is deciding to withdraw from all the organs and bodies of the G5 Sahel, including the joint force” fighting the jihadists.
“The opposition of some G5 Sahel member states to Mali’s presidency is linked to manoeuvres by a state outside the region aiming desperately to isolate Mali,” it added, without naming which country.
Mali shunned by regional neighbours
The G5 Sahel, which also includes Mauritania, Chad, Burkina Faso and Niger, launched in 2014, with an anti-jihadist force added in 2017.
The group’s heads of state were supposed to meet in Bamako in February to see Mali assume the G5 presidency, but nearly four months later, this meeting “has still not taken place”, the junta said.
Mali is struggling under sanctions imposed by other West African countries over the military’s decision to retain power following multiple coups.
The junta has opted for a two-year transition, while the Economic Community of West African States (Ecowas) is pushing for a maximum of 16 months.
The military initially seized control in August 2020 as the country’s decade-long jihadist insurgency inflicted a spiralling death toll and forced hundreds of thousands to flee their homes.
A second de facto coup occurred in May 2021, when Assimi Goita pushed out an interim civilian government and took over the presidency.
The violence gripping Mali since 2012 has involved attacks by jihadists linked to Al-Qaeda and the so-called Islamic State armed group, but also an assortment of self-declared militia and bandits.