French President Emmanuel Macron has wrapped up a meeting with Paul Biya, his counterpart in Cameroon, the first port of call on his three nation tour. He reiterated that France would continue to support Africa’s security needs.
Macron landed late on Monday on a three-day tour that will also take him to Benin and Guinea-Bissau.
He headed into a meeting on Tuesday with Cameroon’s 89-year-old president, Paul Biya, who has been in power since 1982. Cameroon, a former French colony and close ally, has been troubled by attacks.
“We will not relinquish the security of the African continent,” Macron said in a speech.
“France remains resolutely committed to the security of the continent, acting in support and at the request of our African partners,” Macron told a gathering of French expatriates in the capital Yaounde.
France is reconfiguring its posture in the Sahel after falling out with the military junta in Mali, the epicentre of a 11-year-old jihadist campaign in the region.
After a pullout from Mali that is expected to be completed in the coming weeks, France’s Barkhane anti-jihadist force will have around 2,500 troops in the Sahel, just under half of the deployment at its peak, say French officers.
The force will also make a tactical shift, acting more in a support role for local forces than in taking the lead, they say.
Beyond the Sahel
In his speech, Macron said the changes in Barkhane had been prompted because “the political framework was no longer there” – a reference to the dispute with the Malian junta.
The reconfigured mission, he said, will extend “beyond the Sahel, to the Gulf of Guinea and second-layer countries which now have to face terrorist groups which are expanding and shaking up the whole region”.
The jihadist insurgency began in northern Mali in 2012 and hit neighbouring Niger and Burkina Faso in 2015.
Across the region, thousands of people have been killed and more than two million have fled their homes.
Sporadic cross-border attacks have also occurred on coastal countries to the south, sparking fears of an expansion by the jihadists to the Gulf of Guinea.
Macron also pledged French support for countries fighting jihadists in the Lake Chad region, where an older insurgency launched by Nigeria’s Boko Haram is also raging.
These include Cameroon, whose Far North region, which reaches into the Lake Chad basin, has suffered repeated attacks.
Food, energy as weapons of war
Macron also hit out at “nonsense” that he said had been doing the rounds as a result of the Ukraine war.
“We are being attacked by certain people who maintain that European sanctions [against Russia] are the cause of the world food crisis, including in Africa.
“This is completely false. It’s just that food, like energy, have become Russian weapons of war,” he said.
Macron’s swing through central and western Africa is his first trip to the continent since he was re-elected in April.
France has followed with concern the emergence of Russia, China and others in seeking footholds in an area it still considers part of its sphere of influence.
“France wants to ensure Cameroon’s loyalty amid a relative decline in its influence in Africa, as demonstrated by the state of its relations with Mali, Central African Republic and to some extent Guinea and Burkina Faso,” said Nicanor Tatchim, a professor of political communication at Paris-Est Créteil University told France 24.
“Paris’s partnership with Yaoundé is “essential” because of Cameroon’s role as a source of goods for the surrounding region – most significantly Chad, where France has a military base.”